hong kong pinyin
[146] The law criminalises acts that were previously considered protected speech under Hong Kong law and establishes the Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, an investigative office under Central People's Government authority immune from HKSAR jurisdiction. Hong Kong averages 1,709 hours of sunshine per year;[158] the highest and lowest recorded temperatures at the Hong Kong Observatory are 36.6 °C (97.9 °F) on 22 August 2017 and 0.0 °C (32.0 °F) on 18 January 1893. [240] Junks, once common in Hong Kong waters, are no longer widely available and are used privately and for tourism. [252] Mobile-phone use is ubiquitous;[253] there are more than 18 million mobile-phone accounts,[254] more than double the territory's population. The first modern competition was organised in 1976, and overseas teams began competing in the first international race in 1993. [290], The government maintains a policy of "mother tongue instruction"; most schools use Cantonese as the medium of instruction, with written education in both Chinese and English. [31] Hong Kong is ranked sixth in the Global Financial Centres Index and is ranked fourth in Asia after Tokyo, Shanghai and Singapore. It is surrounded by the South China Sea on all sides except the north, which neighbours the Guangdong city of Shenzhen along the Sham Chun River. The public-housing estate programme, Independent Commission Against Corruption, and Mass Transit Railway were all established during the post-war decades to provide safer housing, integrity in the civil service, and more-reliable transportation. The predominant language is Cantonese, a variety of Chinese originating in Guangdong. Winters are mild and usually sunny at the beginning, becoming cloudy towards February; an occasional cold front brings strong, cooling winds from the north. [56] Although European demand for Chinese commodities like tea, silk, and porcelain was high, Chinese interest in European manufactured goods was insignificant, so that Chinese goods could only be bought with precious metals. Typhoons occur most often then, sometimes resulting in floods or landslides. [44], Early Hong Kong settlers were a semi-coastal people[43] who migrated from inland and brought knowledge of rice cultivation. [152][153] About 40 per cent of the remaining land area are country parks and nature reserves. [167][168], Demand for new construction has contributed to frequent demolition of older buildings, freeing space for modern high-rises. No longer part of the Commonwealth of Nations, the city's last appearance in the latter was in 1994. [311], Coordinates: 22°18′N 114°12′E / 22.3°N 114.2°E / 22.3; 114.2, Special administrative region in People's Republic of China, China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017 Urban Population and Urban Temporary Population, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, Political reforms and sociopolitical issues, No specific variety of Chinese is official in the territory. "To restore calm in Hong Kong, try democracy", Guidelines on the Legislative Council Election 2016, LegCo and DC Member Political Affiliations 2017, "Legislation Summary: Hong Kong National Security Law", Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Passports Ordinance, Constitution of the People's Republic of China, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, "List of Treaties in Force and Applicable to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region", "Meanings of Right of Abode and Other Terms", Immigration Department, "New ways to help Hong Kong's human trafficking victims", "Human trafficking in Hong Kong: hidden in plain sight", "Fed up with human trafficking, Hong Kong migrant workers hold vigil demanding justice", "Hong Kong must lead the fight against human trafficking, rather than just do the bare minimum", "Harsh Penalties, Vaguely Defined Crimes: Hong Kong's Security Law Explained", "Hong Kong National Security Law Promulgated, Came into Effect June 30, 2020", "UK says China's security law is serious violation of Hong Kong treaty", "Land Use in Hong Kong 2017", Planning Department, "The Natural Environment, Plants & Animals in Hong Kong", "Extreme Values and Dates of Occurrence of Extremes of Meteorological Elements between 1884 and 1939 and 1947–2017 for Hong Kong", "Monthly Meteorological Normals for Hong Kong", "Extreme Values and Dates of Occurrence of Extremes of Meteorological Elements between 1884-1939 and 1947-2017 for Hong Kong", Standing Committee Interpretation Concerning Implementation of Chinese Nationality Law in Hong Kong, Developing a Supplementary Guide to the Chinese Language Curriculum for Non-Chinese Speaking Students 2008, "Hong Kong ranked world's freest economy for 18th consecutive year", "Mainland and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA)", "Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (HK-Macao CEPA)", House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee Tenth Report 2015, "Despite worldwide changes, multinationals focus on mobile workforces to support career growth and ensure competitiveness", NY/NJ Port Authority Airport Traffic 2017, "Ferry Services to Macau and the Mainland Ports", "HKU POP releases survey on Hong Kong people's ethnic identity and the 2018 review and 2019 forecast survey", Women and Men in Hong Kong Key Statistics 2017, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Ordinance, The Education University of Hong Kong Ordinance, The Open University of Hong Kong Ordinance. [270] When Bruce Lee's Way of the Dragon was released in 1972, local productions became popular outside Hong Kong. [154] The territory has a diverse ecosystem; over 3,000 species of vascular plants occur in the region (300 of which are native to Hong Kong), and thousands of insect, avian, and marine species.[155][156]. [310] Ten non-domestic broadcasters air programming for the territory's foreign population. [286], Education in Hong Kong is largely modelled after that of the United Kingdom, particularly the English system. [267] There are five daily meals: breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, dinner, and siu yeh. [22][23] Over half of its cargo throughput consists of transshipments (goods travelling through Hong Kong). [269] By the 1960s, the city was well known to overseas audiences through films such as The World of Suzie Wong. [174], Tong lau, mixed-use tenement buildings constructed during the colonial era, blended southern Chinese architectural styles with European influences. [268] Dim sum, as part of yum cha (brunch), is a dining-out tradition with family and friends. [37] Sir John Davis (the second colonial governor) offered an alternative origin; Davis said that the name derived from "Hoong-keang" ("red torrent"), reflecting the colour of soil over which a waterfall on the island flowed. [68], Its population rebounded quickly after the war, as skilled Chinese migrants fled from the Chinese Civil War, and more refugees crossed the border when the Communist Party took control of mainland China in 1949. [110] However, mainland criminal procedure law applies to cases investigated by the Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR. [223], Hong Kong generates most of its electricity locally. [159] The highest and lowest recorded temperatures in all of Hong Kong are 39.0 °C (102 °F) at Wetland Park on 22 August 2017,[160] and −6.0 °C (21.2 °F) at Tai Mo Shan on 24 January 2016. [265], Food in Hong Kong is primarily based on Cantonese cuisine, despite the territory's exposure to foreign influences and its residents' varied origins. The incense was stored near Aberdeen Harbour for export before Victoria Harbour developed. In 1997, after the Handover, Hong Kong became a part of China. Portugal acquired a permanent lease for Macau in 1557. [122] Hong Kong residents are not required to perform military service and current law has no provision for local enlistment, so its defence is composed entirely of non-Hongkongers. The city has hosted a number of major sporting events, including the 2009 East Asian Games, the 2008 Summer Olympics equestrian events, and the 2007 Premier League Asia Trophy. Residents predominantly speak, For all government use, documents written using. [274] The genre's popularity peaked in the 1990s, when the Four Heavenly Kings dominated Asian record charts. [3] Slightly over half the population (53.2 per cent) speaks English, the other official language;[2] 4.3 per cent are native speakers, and 48.9 per cent speak English as a second language. Rapid economic improvement during the 1850s attracted foreign investment, as potential stakeholders became more confident in Hong Kong's future. [233] The Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge provides a direct route to the western side of the Pearl River estuary. [91] Under these terms and the "one country, two systems" principle, the Basic Law of Hong Kong is the regional constitution.[92]. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [29], It has little arable land and few natural resources, importing most of its food and raw materials. [181] The vast majority also hold Chinese nationality, automatically granted to all ethnic Chinese residents at the transfer of sovereignty. [198], Hong Kong is the tenth-largest trading entity in exports and imports (2017), trading more goods in value than its gross domestic product. [308] RTHK is the public broadcaster, providing seven radio channels and three television channels.


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